2020, Health Info, January

What Is Ovarian Cysts?

What Is Ovarian Cysts?

Written by Dr. Ramesh Marimuthu

Ovarian cysts are closed, sac like structures within an ovary containing fluid or solid substance. Ovaries are the reproductive glands of women that produce the female hormones and human eggs (ova). It is located in the pelvis, one on either side of the uterus.

Ovarian cysts are quite common. They can be broadly divided into normal, benign and cancer. Cancers are rare about less than 10 % of overall cyst. Most cysts are normal physiological process that occurs during menstrual cycle. These usually resolve with time or by next menstrual cycle. However there are other cysts that grow with time and these can be benign or cancerous. Most cancerous cyst (90%) is usually in post-menopausal woman. There are a number of possible causes of ovarian cysts. The risk of developing ovarian cyst increases for women who have not experienced pregnancy, the elderly and those with family history. It is important to note that these growths are symptomless, which means that you will not know if you have one until it grows very big, or when you have an ultrasound scan done. Most of the time, the cysts are not bigger than a 50 cents coin and these are usually normal findings in a reproductive female.

Prevention Is Better Than Cure

Surgery is not required but a regular follow-up scans are recommended. If the cyst is bigger than 5cm, an expert opinion is needed to evaluate the cyst and usually surgery is advised to remove it before it grows bigger and cause problems.

Surgery is not required but a regular follow-up scans are recommended. If the cyst is bigger than 5cm, an expert opinion is needed to evaluate the cyst and usually surgery is advised to remove it before it grows bigger and cause problems.

Laparoscopic view of an ovarian cyst

A yearly pelvic scan together with a breast examination for woman above 40 is recommended. The older you are, the more important it is to have regular pelvic scans as a way of screening until better techniques are found.

For more information on screening packages, please contact Nilai Medical Centre at 606-8505 000 or email healthy@nilaimc.com

Source: www.oxfordgynaecology.com

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